IUI Treatment in Mumbai
What is Intrauterine Insemination (IUI)?
IUI, medically known as Intrauterine Insemination, is a simple form of fertility treatment. The doctor can perform it either with or without medication. The medical modus operandi includes the procedure of transferring semen to the uterus through a thin catheter. However, before proceeding with it, the doctor will need to wash and concentrate on the semen.
This way, it will be much more effective and powerful. A doctor will most possibly perform IUI treatment during ovulation. But, if he/she has to do so before the same, then they might use the drugs.
When is IUI used?
The doctor can use IUI to subdue the symptoms or treat various types of infertility issues. In most cases, he/she will perform the same in multiple cycles until the couple conceives. Also, almost every infertility specialist proceeds with this procedure first before moving onto something more invasive, like IVF.
The following are some of the situations where doctors tend to opt for IUI.
- Unexplained Infertility: Even after running several diagnostic tests, the doctor might not be able to determine the actual cause of infertility. So, in that case, he/she will opt for IUI alongside injecting the ovulation-inducing drugs.
- Donor Sperm: Most physicians usually use IUI for those women who do require the sperm of a donor. During the procedure, the frozen sperm is obtained from a well-known and certified lab.
- Endometriosis-related Infertility: In the case of endometriosis-related infertility, the doctor would, first, try to obtain a high-quality egg. Once he/she gets it, then they will perform IUI to make it fertile.
- Cervix-related Infertility: During the period of ovulation, the cervix tends to create a high amount of mucus to prepare a proper environment for egg production. However, due to some medical reason, the cervix of some women cannot produce the mucus at all. This, in turn, leads to infertility. So, in this aspect, the doctor will need to find the underlying disease and treat it before moving onto IUI.
- Semen Allergy: In rare cases, a woman can suddenly become allergic to a specific type of protein available in semen. Thus, in this aspect, ejaculating into the vagina of women could cause redness and itching in the area. The usage of a condom might help you to prevent this issue.
However, this way, you cannot have a child as well. Thus, if your sensitivity to this allergic reaction is excessive, then it would be better for you to choose IUI. During this procedure, the doctor would remove many components from the semen. So, it should be safer for you.
Indications of IUI
There are several health indications, which might suggest the requirement of the IUI procedure. Some of these are as follows –
- The production of female humoral anti-sperm antibodies
- Male infertility
- The removal of the cervix or any other cervical disease
- Severe pain during intercourse
- Unsuccessful treatment with fertility drugs
Treatment Options For Infertility
Couples at a certain point in time have the desire to conceive. Many studies have found that almost 85% of the couples successfully conceive within one year of trying.
Infertility assessments include various examinations as well as tests to find out the underlying reasons behind infertility.
In Vitro Fertilization, or IVF is a kind of fertilization where the eggs combine with sperm for fertilization outside the body.
Azoospermia is a condition in men where the sperm count in their ejaculation is non-existent.
Follicular study or follicular monitoring is the process through which the doctor watches the growth of this follicle from the beginning of the menstrual cycle to the time it is ready to release an egg.
Ovulation induction is mainly a to-the-point treatment where hormonal pills are used for resuming ovulation.
Intracytoplasmic Sperm Injection is also known as IMSI is another procedure used during the time of IVF.
Stem Cell In IVF
In the whole world, around 8% to 12% of couples tend to get affected by the curse of infertility.
Intracytoplasmic Sperm Injection, which is also commonly known as ICSI is one of the common and most successful treatments for male fertility.
Preimplantation Genetic Screening is a test that carefully examines the chromosomal material of an IVF or in-vitro fertilized egg before the process of implantation can begin.
Computer-Assisted Sperm Analysis or refers to a system where a complex electronic imaging system is used to visualize the sperm, while advanced software programs help measure the numerous individual parameters of said sperm.
The IUI procedure is seemingly simple and painless. However, as a first-timer, you might feel a bit nervous. Thus, knowing about the process can help you to prepare for it in a proper manner. So, let’s take a look at it as well!
Collection of the Semen: During the earliest stage, the doctor would collect a small amount of sperm for the procedure. It can be acquired through masturbation, almost similar to the process of semen analysis.
Nevertheless, if your partner is unable to produce the same at the hospital, then he can do so at home. In this case, the doctor will provide him with a sterile semen collection kit. But, the sample needs to arrive within an hour after the ejaculation.
Semen Washing: The semen of a human being contains much more than sperm. Besides, it also comprises protein, vitamins, and some other crucial components. So, before beginning the procedure, your doctor will remove the unnecessary from it. This is known as the washing procedure!
Insertion of the Catheter: Now, you will have to lie down on an examination table and put up your legs on stirrups. The doctor will, first, attach a sperm-filled vial in a catheter and insert a speculum into the vagina.
Then, he/she will insert the catheter into your uterus through the cervical opening. After that, he/she will push the sperm sample into the uterus through the small and thin tube. Once they have done it, then they will remove the catheter and speculum respectively.
What You Can Expect During & After IUI Procedure?
As mentioned before, the Intrauterine Insemination procedure is absolutely painless. If you already know about the procedure, you will not feel anything during the same. You might feel a small amount of discomfort while the doctor is inserting the catheter. But, that’s negligible.
So, once the procedure is complete, the physician will request you lie on your What Is Intrauterine Insemination (IUI)? back for some moments. During this period, the sperms will try to find a way to reach their destination. Thus, if you tend to walk or move too much, their working procedure might get disturbed.
After the doctor says, you can get up and move onto your daily business. You might experience spotting during the first one or two days. But, it is temporary and will go away soon on its own. Be sure to wait for at least two weeks before undergoing a pregnancy test.
Risks involved with IUI Treatment
The IUI procedure is relatively straightforward and simple. Hence, it does not cause any kind of side-effects at all. But, there are some risks that might occur under a few special circumstances. These include –
- Spotting: Sometimes, during the procedure, the placement of the catheter can cause vaginal bleeding. But, it will be minimal and will go away within one or two days.
- Infection: There is also a minute risk of experiencing an infection on the outer side of the vagina. However, in most cases, the doctor will get rid of its during its earliest stage.
Success Rates of IUI
The success rate of IUI generally depends on the overall health and efficiency of the sperm. Most women have a 10%-20% of chance of success after one cycle of IUI. However, the rate increases to around 80% after three-six cycles of the same.
IUI Treatment Cost
For IUI treatment, you need to consider several factors. There are several things you need to consider such as the age of the couple, their medical history, and their type of infertility to determine the actual fertility cost.
The cost of IUI varies from state to state in India. However, the cost of the same generally ranges from INR 12,000 to INR 17,000 on average. In general, IUI is less expensive than other fertility treatments such as In Vitro Fertilization (IVF).
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A successful pregnancy matters the most whether you opt for intrauterine insemination or IUI for the first time or for the fifth time. The rate of successful pregnancy varies as per individuals, but few cycles of IUI may help in increasing the chances of getting pregnant.
IUI or intrauterine insemination, is one of the fertility treatments that directly place the sperm into a woman’s uterus. There is a significant difference between a natural conception and IUI. In natural conception, the sperm travels from the vagina into the uterus through the cervix.
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Dr. Jay Mehta
Fertility and IVF Specialist
Dr. Jay Mehta is the Scientific Director of Shree IVF Clinic. He is a well-known Fertility and IVF Specialist and also among few doctors in the country who specializes in Embryology and Andrology.