Low sperm count means that the semen you’re ejaculating during an orgasm consists of only a few sperms. You may have a low sperm count if you have less than 15 million sperm/ml. This condition is also known as Oligospermia.

Whereas, watery semen is one of the signs of low sperm count. This is a condition of male infertility. However, if you’re ejaculating watery and thin semen, then this condition can also be temporary with no serious health issue.

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Causes of low sperm count

Low sperm count is a serious condition related to male infertility and there are many causes of low sperm count. The causes that may lead you to low sperm count are:

Medical factors

  • Varicocele – It is a condition in which you will experience swelling in the veins inside your scrotum. It also results in reducing sperm quality.
  • Infection – Some infections may affect your sperm production and further result in low sperm count. It also blocks the sperm ducts and obstructs the passage of the sperms. These infections are caused due to inflammation in your testicles or sexually transmitted infections like HIV.
  • Unbalanced testicles – In some rare cases, one or both of your testicles fails to drop from the abdomen to the sac. This condition results in reduced fertility and low sperm count among men.
  • Hormonal imbalances – Hormones produced by your pituitary gland and testes are very much important for the production of sperms. However, any type of imbalance in these hormones may result in low sperm count or production. 
  • Defects in the sperm ducts – The sperm ducts are responsible for carrying the sperms from the testicles. Sometimes your sperm ducts or tubules may get blocked due to an infection or other causes. This may also include any injury from a past surgery or abnormal development.

However, these blockages may occur at any time in your testicles, in the epididymis, or the sperm ducts.

Environmental conditions

Low sperm count may also occur due to changes in the environment or unsuitable environmental factors. Here are some of the factors mentioned below:

  • Industrial chemicals – Chemicals like benzenes, toluene, xylene, herbicides, pesticides, etc; may result in low sperm counts.
  • Radiation effects – If you’re exposed to such radiations every day, then it may slowly reduce your sperm count. It can take several years for your sperm count to become normal. However, the high intensity of these radiations may result in a permanent reduction of sperm production. 
  • Overheating the testicles – If you’re exposed to excessive warm temperatures or an environment then it may reduce your sperm count. For example, if you are taking hot tubs and saunas frequently, then it will have a serious effect on your sperm count.

Also, if you wear tight clothes for a longer time, it will increase the temperature of your scrotum and may result in low sperm production.

Lifestyle factors

Other lifestyle factors may also lead you to a low sperm count. Here are some of the factors mentioned below:

  • Using the drugs that reduce your testosterone levels.
  • Consumption of alcohol
  • Smoking
  • High-stress levels
  • Lack of exercise
  • Following an unhealthy diet.
  • Depression

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Causes of watery sperm

Watery sperm is one of the signs of low sperm count. There are several causes of watery sperm, but there is a genetic issue known as the Klinefelter syndrome that results in watery or thin semen. However, the other causes of watery sperm are as follows:

  • Hormonal disorders like hyperthyroidism and hypogonadism.
  • Testicular infections
  • Exposed to high-intensity radiation.
  • Usage of drugs that reduces your testosterone levels.
  • Smoking
  • Consumption of alcohol.

Treatment of low sperm count

There are several treatments for low sperm count cure. The treatments are mentioned below:

  • Surgical measures – If you are suffering from varicocele, then it can be treated with surgical methods. Early vasectomy procedures can also be reversed by the doctors and if you ejaculate no sperms while orgasm, then other reproductive techniques like IVF and ICSI are applied. 
  • Medical treatments – The doctors may advise you on several medicines like antibiotics to cure an infection in your sperm ducts that are resulting in watery sperms.
  • Hormonal treatments – In some rare cases, if you are ejaculating watery sperm, your doctor will advise you with hormonal treatment.
  • Assisted reproductive technology – These treatments aim at retrieving sperms through normal ejaculation. Also, the doctor may use surgical retrieval or donor sperms depending on your current situation.

Treatments of watery sperm

Treatments of your watery sperm depend on your current medical condition. However, the surgical measure and other lifestyle factors for watery sperm cure are:

  • Laparoscopic surgery – If you are ejaculating watery sperm, then the doctor will perform this surgery by doing a small incision in your abdominal area and then will insert a camera. The camera will help to identify the issue or the blockage. 
  • Percutaneous embolization – This is a microsurgery procedure in which the doctor will insert a balloon in the swollen vein in your scrotum. Then he will blow the balloon to restore the blood flows.

Other lifestyle changes for curing watery sperm are:

  • Maintaining a healthy lifestyle.
  • Do yoga and meditation to reduce stress.
  • Get proper sleep.
  • Quit consumption of alcohol and smoking.
  • Follow a healthy diet.

Low sperm count and problems of watery sperm are both issues related to male infertility. The causes and the treatments to cure these two conditions are mentioned above and make sure to consult your fertility doctor in case you face any of these two conditions.

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Dr. Jay Mehta Fertility and IVF Specialist In Mumbai

Dr. Jay Mehta

Fertility and IVF Specialist


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Dr. Jay Mehta is the Scientific Director of Shree IVF Clinic. He is a well-known Fertility and IVF Specialist and also among few doctors in the country who specializes in Embryology and Andrology.

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