What is Oligospermia?

According to the WHO criteria if the sperm count is less than 15 million/ml that it is called Oligospermia or Low sperm count. It is divided into three categories

  • Mild oligospermia
  • Moderate oligospermia
  • Severe Oligospermia

Severe Oligospermia is when the sperm count is less than 6 million, between 5-10 million it is considered to be moderate oligospermia and between 10-15 million is considered to be mild. It is important to understand that semen analysis and sperm count are dependent on a lot of other factors. It is a point of time analysis means it can differ based on concentration at that particular time.

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Oligospermia Causes

When the doctors analyze the male patient with oligospermia, they try to find out the cause of low sperm count. There can be many causes. But if we list down one of the common causes that affect the Indian male, then it will be

  • Lifestyle changes
  • Hormonal causes (Hypothyroidism)
  • Obesity
  • Traumatic causes
  • Genetic causes
  • Toxic causes
  • Anatomical Causes

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Oligospermia Treatment

More than 50% of oligospermia / Low sperm count is caused due to idiopathic causes (unknown cause). Whenever we try to tell or talk about oligospermia, the most crucial thing is Acceptance. The minute the patients accept this problem they will start looking out for oligospermia treatments. Because it is a condition with a variety of causes, it is also a condition where a variety of treatments will work.

It is not mandatory that oligospermia has “a particular” treatment. There can be allopathic treatment, homeopathic treatment, herbal, naturopathic, ayurvedic treatment, or lifestyle therapy in order to try and correct oligospermia count but in very severe oligospermia or when the sperm count is very low, then it is very difficult to treat this condition simply with medical management. Usually, moderate and mild oligospermia can be treated easily and extremely good results can be derived from the treatment.

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Dr. Jay Mehta Fertility and IVF Specialist In Mumbai

Dr. Jay Mehta

Fertility and IVF Specialist


Verified & Most Trusted One

Dr. Jay Mehta is the Scientific Director of Shree IVF Clinic. He is a well-known Fertility and IVF Specialist and also among few doctors in the country who specializes in Embryology and Andrology.

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