What is aspermia?

Male infertility is sometimes caused by a disorder called aspermia, a total lack of semen during ejaculation. The underlying reason and a thorough diagnosis will determine how to manage this illness. Men who have this disorder may experience orgasm without ejaculation.

The disease might be blamed for numerous reasons, including ejaculatory duct obstruction, retrograde ejaculation, and anejaculation. Aspermia may sometimes develop from previous surgical treatments, disease-related nerve injury, or congenital cysts, all of which are treatable.

Types of aspermia

Aspermia is classified into the following categories based on the kind and causes of the disease’s onset:

  • Physiological, whose emergence is characterized by changes brought on by aging
  • Functional
  • Organic

This condition is subdivided into the following categories based on the external manifestations:

  • True aspermia is when ejaculating orgasm is not possible. As a result, no semen is produced, and the egg is not fertilized. In this instance, the patient experiences a desire, an erection, and a sexual urge. The emergence of neurological or psychological issues makes this problem severe.
  • False aspermia occurs when a man has an orgasm while the ejaculation processes follow masturbation or intercourse. But there were no male germ cells in the allocated biological fluids.


A variety of factors may cause aspermia. These consist of:

  • Retrograde ejaculation is one of the primary changes that may lead to aspermia. This is caused when semen is stuck in the bladder or at the position of the urethra and cannot release after ejaculation.
  • Extremely infectious conditions in the region or volume increases, such as those brought on by a cyst, may cause blockage of the ducts accountable for ejaculation and limit the functioning of those ducts.
  • Certain medications, including steroids, anabolics, and even rays from chemotherapy and radiotherapy, may produce anejaculation and aspermias like diabetes or mumps.
  • Some males with spinal cord injuries have paralysis in the bottom half of their bodies.
  • Aspermia may be brought on by genetic disorders like Klinefelter’s because this condition results in an extra X chromosome, which prevents men from producing the normal amount of testosterone and, as a result, reduces their capacity for reproduction.
  • Psychological conditions: These may cause Aspermia anejaculation. This condition, referred to as delayed ejaculation, is seen in certain men who take a lot longer than normal to ejaculate.

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      Prevention of Aspermia

      Ejaculatory obstruction may become more likely in cases of urinary tract infections. Children should thus start receiving antibiotics as soon as an illness is identified.

      This helps prevent Aspermia that is brought on by a track blockage. However, there isn’t much that could be undertaken to prevent the other causes from occurring.


      There are several therapy methods available depending upon the etiology of the disease. These treatment approaches include:

      • Antibiotics for the treatment of infection
      • Assisted reproductive techniques, such as IVF and ICSI
      • Medications for treating certain types of retrograde ejaculation
      • Stopping the prescription medication that is causing the aspermia
      • Sex therapy
      • Surgical procedures

      Furthermore, if radiation therapies are the reason for the aspermia, the disease often improves when the treatment is completed.

      How common is aspermia?

      Aspermia is a condition related to the male reproductive system. Compared to other sexual diseases and infertility, this illness is an uncommon ailment that affects males. Aspermia is characterized by a total absence of semen during ejaculation.

      What is the difference between azoospermia and aspermia?

      Aspermia is the complete lack of ejaculation in men. As a result, it is often referred to as anejaculation.

      When there are no sperm in the ejaculate, it is known as azoospermia. The man may produce a regular amount of semen, yet there are no sperm to be found. Therefore, it would be impossible to conceive naturally.

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      Dr. Jay Mehta Fertility and IVF Specialist In Mumbai

      Dr. Jay Mehta

      Fertility and IVF Specialist


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      Dr. Jay Mehta is the Scientific Director of Shree IVF Clinic. He is a well-known Fertility and IVF Specialist and also among few doctors in the country who specializes in Embryology and Andrology.

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