If you are planning a pregnancy, then the first thing you must think about is the sperm’s health. It would be best if you studied the factors that are affecting the fertility of your male partner. Most men do not put much thought into the quality of the sperm. But it is one of the essential factors to be studied on.

You can do lots of things for a healthy sperm before you start planning for a family. For a healthy pregnancy and a healthy baby, you must follow specific rules and regulations to enhance the quality of the sperm.

Sperms that move well are much needed in large numbers to fertilize a woman’s egg. The problem with most of the couples facing issues while conceiving is the quality of the man’s sperm, the tube through which the sperm moves, and his erections.

There are many ways by which you can protect your sperm so that the chances of becoming a father also increases. It takes almost three months for a man to make new sperms. The most important is to stay healthy for three months before conceiving.

The health of the sperm

Testosterone the male sex hormone and sperm are being made in the testes. Sperm is accompanied by fluid while traveling to the reproductive system and is further ejaculated or release during the time of intercourse.

The health and the quality of the sperm of a man are affected by:

  • Smoking
  • Consuming alcohol
  • Age
  • Sexually transmitted infections
  • Overweight
  • Anabolic steroids
  • Injury
  • Heat

If a man is overweight, his sperm’s quality reduces, and it causes issues with erections. His sex drive is also affected by being overweight.

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How does heat lead to unhealthy sperms?

To make a good sperm quality, the testes have to be more relaxed than the other parts of the body. The scrotum is like an “evaporative air conditioning system” where the testes sit. It helps the testes to be a few degrees cooler if compared to other parts of the body. If the temperature around the testes is too hot, the problem arises while making sperm. Some of the ways by which a testis can be kept more relaxed than other parts of the body are:

  • Try to maintain your weight and avoid being overweight
  • Try to avoid hot spas and bath
  • Do not wear tight undergarments
  • Keep your laptop and mobile phone away from the lap

Testes will be able to produce sperm once the scrotum reaches its average temperature. It may need a few months too.

How do anabolic steroids affect the quality of sperm?

Muscle building exercises and lifting weights increase the mass of the muscle and also the strength. They are responsible for improving general health along with bone health. The production of sperm stops in case you consume anabolic steroids. It even has many side effects.

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What can you do to keep your sperm healthy?

If you and your partner want to start a family, try to think about the sperm’s quality first. It’s never too late to start taking care of your fertility. It would be best if you thought about it:

  • Avoid smoking and consuming alcohol
  • Get into a regular exercise schedule
  • Keep track of your weight
  • Try to eat healthy foods

What determines that your sperm is not healthy?

The sperm’s health depends on various factors, including its movement, structure, and quantity.

  • Movement

Sperm is supposed to move to be able to reach and fertilize the egg. The sperm wrinkles and swims through a woman’s cervix, her uterus, and the fallopian tubes. This movement of the sperms is known as motility.

  • Structure

The structure of the sperm is known as its morphology. Sperms generally have long tails and oval heads, which can work together and also move. The more chances of fertility you will have if the sperms have standard structure and shape.

  • Quantity

If you ejaculate, the chances of fertility also increase. The semen that is being discharged in single ejaculation contains almost 15 million sperm per milliliter. It becomes difficult to get pregnant if the ejaculation is of too little sperm.

How do you understand that your sperm is unhealthy?

There are many reasons by which you can understand that your sperm s unhealthy. You need to monitor a few things:

  • You need to monitor the color of the semen. If the semen is yellow, you are sure that you are having jaundice and is not suitable for your health and also if you are planning for a family.
  • You may sometimes have blood in your semen, which indicates that you are having high blood pressure, which is not suitable for the couple to conceive.
  • The yellow color of the semen can also be caused due to drinking alcohol or eating food rich in sulfur. That semen is harmful to the fetus as it has some side effects.
  • If your sperm is of yellowish-green color, it indicates that the sperm is not healthy as it contains bacteria that travels from the urinary tract to the prostate gland.
  • If you find blood in your semen, it may also be because of sexually transmitted diseases such as gonorrhea, herpes, and chlamydia.
  • Sometimes the blood is black, which might indicate that your body has old blood because of spinal cord injuries.
  • If the texture of the semen changes because of low physical activities, consumption of alcohol, use of marijuana, and diet, you can consider the sperms to be unhealthy.
  • If testicular swelling happens due to epididymis or inflammation of the orchitis (testicle), it can lead to unhealthy sperms.
  • The normal production of testosterone is affected by the abnormality in the pituitary gland when it releases hormones to the testicles. The sperm released at that time is unhealthy in nature.

The bottom line

Before you start family planning, you must monitor the texture of the sperm for a few days to find out whether the sperm is of good quality or not. Good quality of sperm will increase the chances of pregnancy without any complications.

If the sperms are not of good quality, they will not move well and will fail to reach the eggs and fertilize. If fertilization does not occur, there will be no chance of pregnancy. Consult a doctor before you start to plan for a family.

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Dr. Jay Mehta Fertility and IVF Specialist In Mumbai

Dr. Jay Mehta

Fertility and IVF Specialist


Verified & Most Trusted One

Dr. Jay Mehta is the Scientific Director of Shree IVF Clinic. He is a well-known Fertility and IVF Specialist and also among few doctors in the country who specializes in Embryology and Andrology.

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