What is Adenomyosis
Adenomyosis is a condition where cells from the uterus lining grow into the uterus muscle. This condition is often confused with endometriosis, but they are quite distinct.
While endometriosis involves endometrial tissue growing outside the uterus, adenomyosis involves this tissue growing within the uterus’s muscle layers.
Adenomyosis is a gynecological condition that affects numerous women worldwide. It occurs when the endometrial tissue – the tissue that lines the uterus – grows into the uterus’s muscular wall.
This condition can lead to discomfort and severe menstrual cramps, significantly affecting a woman’s quality of life. In this article, we will delve deeper into understanding adenomyosis, its causes, symptoms, diagnosis, types, and treatment options.
Symptoms of Adenomyosis
The primary symptoms of adenomyosis include painful periods, heavy or prolonged menstrual bleeding with clotting, and abdominal/pelvic pain.
Some women may also experience bloating, a feeling of pressure in the lower abdomen, and pain during intercourse. However, it’s important to note that some women with adenomyosis may not have any symptoms.
When to See a Doctor
If you’re experiencing symptoms such as heavy menstrual bleeding, severe menstrual cramps that don’t improve with over-the-counter medication, or pain during intercourse, it’s important to consult a healthcare provider.
Early diagnosis can help manage the symptoms effectively and improve your quality of life.
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Diagnosis of Adenomyosis
Diagnosing adenomyosis can be tricky as its symptoms often mimic other conditions like uterine fibroids and endometriosis.
Healthcare professionals use a combination of medical history, physical examination, and imaging tests like ultrasound or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) for diagnosis.
In some cases, the definitive diagnosis of adenomyosis can only be made after a hysterectomy with a subsequent pathological examination.
Causes of Adenomyosis
The exact cause of adenomyosis remains unknown. However, it is believed to be estrogen-dependent or hormone-sensitive.
Factors like childbirth and uterine surgeries may disrupt the boundary of cells in the uterus, allowing the invasion of endometrial cells into the myometrium (muscular wall of the uterus).
Types of Adenomyosis
Adenomyosis can be classified into two types based on its location:
– Diffuse Adenomyosis
This is the most common type, where the endometrial tissue spreads out within the uterine muscle.
Also known as adenomyoma, in this type, the endometrial tissue forms a mass or cluster within the uterine wall.
Treatment Options for Adenomyosis
The choice of treatment for adenomyosis depends on several factors, including the severity of symptoms, the patient’s age, and whether the patient plans to have children in the future.
Non-surgical treatments include pain medication, hormonal therapy, and the use of a levonorgestrel-releasing intrauterine device (IUD). Surgical options include uterine artery embolization, endometrial ablation, and hysterectomy (removal of the uterus).
Surgery Cost for Adenomyosis in India
The cost of adenomyosis surgery varies widely in India, depending on the type of surgery, the hospital, and the city.
On average, a hysterectomy can cost anywhere from INR 50,000 to INR 3,00,000. It’s important to discuss the cost and potential financial implications with your healthcare provider before making a decision.
In conclusion, adenomyosis is a complex condition that requires comprehensive care and management.
If you suspect you may have adenomyosis, seek medical attention to start the journey towards relief and recovery.
Endometriosis and Adenomyosis conditions
Dr. Jay Mehta
MBBS, DNB – Obstetrics & Gynecology
IVF & Endometriosis Specialist, Laparoscopic Surgeon (Obs & Gyn)
Dr. Jay Mehta is a renowned IVF specialist and fertility preserving surgeon in Mumbai, India. He is the Scientific Director of Shree IVF and Endometriosis Clinic, as well as the director of Uterine Transplant, Advanced Endometriosis and Gynac Cancer at Global Hospitals, Mumbai.
He is a well-known Fertility and IVF Specialist and also among few doctors in the country who specializes in Embryology and Andrology. He operates India’s major cities including Mumbai, Pune, Chennai, Hyderabad, Bangalore, Ahmedabad, Agra, Delhi etc.
Dr Jay sir is the God of Endometriosis. There is no one better and more honest than him. Assistants Vismay sir and toral madam and harshita madam are so good.
I am operated here for severe endometriosis of the urine bladder. I am done laparoscopic surgery here under guidance of Jay sir. My recovery is excellent and I am heading back home in a day itself.
For people who have endometriosis, this is the person to go to.
We came to know about Dr. Jay from YouTube videos. He gave us best advice. In Sept 21, my wife got operated at his hospital and relieved of all the pain. Lot many thanks to you sir.
The best doctor for endometriosis in India and Mumbai.
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My wife had bowel endometriosis. There is one thing that I wish to mention. He is a very straightforward doctor. He answers everything, but he doesn't take over the smart nonsense of the patient.
Don't go by his simplicity, he will make such strong punchlines that your ego will come down to earth. He asked me to be a MAN. I will never forget that motivation
B S KHAN
One of the best endometriosis doctor for doing surgery. We have come to Mumbai from Jalgaon for this surgery. Very fantastic hospital. Very famous dr jay Mehta and very kind with heart.
All blood tests are done in hospital only so no running around to laboratory again and again. There are many good food joints around for out of Mumbai patients to eat good food. Thank you staff for kind guidance.
I was suffering from severe endometriosis since years. We have had previous 3 surgeries. The pain was excruciating.
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Thoroughly impressed by your direct and honest approach.
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Adenomyosis involves the invasion of endometrial tissue into the uterine wall, while endometriosis is the presence of endometrial tissue outside the uterus.
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