Menstruation is also called having a period. As girls get older and their bodies change. They get their periods. The uterus is the part inside the body where a baby grows when a woman is pregnant. The inner lining of the uterus supports and nourishes the developing baby. If there is no baby, the lining is shed during her period.

During period blood and other tissues from the uterus leave the body through the vagina. A period can last from a few days to about a week. You may have heard doctors talk about the menstrual cycle. This is the time from one period to another usually but 28 days.

Day one of the menstrual cycle is the first day of the period, the uterus starts to shed its lining. As soon as the period ends the uterus prepares again to receive a fertilized egg. 

During this time you might confront different problems. To get rid of this situation, wait for 21 days, and then call a doctor for consulting your problem.

What is the menstrual cycle?

The menstrual cycle refers to the regular changes in the activity of the ovaries and the endometrium that make reproduction possible. The endometrium is the layer of tissue lining the inside of the uterus. The lining consists of the functional layer, which is subject to hormonal changes and is shed during menstruation, and a thin basal layer which feeds the overlying functional layer.

The menstrual cycle usually lasts about 28 days during this period women undergo drastic hormonal fluctuations as well as physical discomforts such as abdominal cramps, headache etc. 

The first stage of the cycle of menstruation occurs if the egg has not been fertilized, this lasts between three to seven days and is more commonly known as a period because the egg has not been fertilized. The uterus lining called the endometrium is not needed and hence it breaks down and is lost through the vaginal canal with some blood.

The next stage is known as ovulation and is when the woman is most fertile after menstruation. The lining of the uterus thickens up again in preparation for a fertilized egg and inside the ovary, the follicle develops at about 14 days.  

The menstrual cycle actually consists of two interconnected and synchronized processes. The ovarian cycle which centres on the development of the ovarian follicles and ovulation and the uterine or endometrial cycle which centres on the way in which the functional endometrium thickens and sheds in response to ovarian activity.

Most common menstrual problem

Menstrual disorders can be broadly divided into those where there is heavy or more frequent bleeding and those where there is less heavy or less and infrequent bleeding. With heavy bleeding or more frequent bleeding, the commonest cause is generally structural mostly in the womb. It could be a fibroid which is a localised swelling of the muscles of the womb. If that fibroid pushes into the cavity of the womb, then that can cause irregular as well as heavy bleeding.

Less frequent or less heavy bleeding can also be a sign of an underlying disorder,  most commonly a hormonal disorder. This commonly happens when there is a polycystic ovarian syndrome. This is primarily a disease that is related to diabetes and insulin resistance. And therefore, worsens with weight gain. The ovaries and the endometrium each undergo their own set of changes which are separate but related to each other.

When to see a doctor

If you have multiple menstrual, consulting a doctor is the best choice. And in most cases, then we need some sort of hormonal treatment to treat it. They will advise the best possibility.

Menstrual symptoms

Mensuration is a process of bleeding from the vagina. The process occurs once in a month as it is a normal part of the menstrual cycle. An average menstrual cycle can take time for 28 days.

Different women can face different symptoms during this process. Some of them can be facing a contraction or pain in the lower part of the abdomen. When the period starts some women can feel feverish. Many women can face constipation problems before the starting of the period. Some women can also face problems like puffiness or swelling in the lower part of the abdomen.

Signs of Menstruation

Different women face different types of signs before the starting of the periods. The start of the period the level of the estrogen starts to increase, for these reasons the milk ducts start to grow in the breasts.

Some of them can face a headache as a sign of period. Some other signs of menstruation like mood changes to depression, anxiety, anger, impatience. Some women face the problem of trouble in sleeping as a sign of menstruation. In some cases, women can have dark patches under their eyes as a sign.

In some cases, migraines may occur before, during or after the menstruation.

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Types of menstrual problems(Disorders)

There are a number of disorders that can be faced at the time of menstrual problems. They are mentioned below.

  • Heavy bleeding at the time of menstrual.
  • Amenorrhea or no bleeding during menstrual
  • Painful Menstruation or dysmenorrhea
  • Premenstrual Syndrome or PMS
  • Premenstrual Dysphoric Disorder or PMDD

Causes of Menstrual disorder

There are a number of causes for which a woman can come across due to menstrual problems.

Any woman can face this disorder due to a stressful life and irregular lifestyle factor. In case anyone tackles birth control pills, it can harm the menstrual cycle and disorders can be faced by the person.

Women who have polycystic ovary syndrome can cause this disorder. Some of them face this problem due to the pelvic inflammatory disease.

If someone has a premature ovary, they can also suffer this type of problem.

Menstrual Problems Complications

While you are suffering from the menstrual problem, there are a number of complications that you can face. Here we have mentioned some of the important complications. Check the list below.

When you are facing the menstrual problem, you can face several complications such as ovulation problems.

Major complications like uterine lining problems can occur due to the menstrual problem. In most of the cases, people also can face thyroid problems due to this problem.

In heavy disorders, people can develop pregnancy disorders also for this complication.

Treatment for Menstrual Problem

Periods is one of the commonest presenting symptoms of many of the female patients who attend the doctor’s clinic on a regular basis. The treatment of the problem will depend on the causes of the problem. If you have a heavier or lighter period, then you might experience several health-related issues.  To avoid such a situation, you should require a detailed conversation between you and the doctor. A gynaecologist Mumbai will help you and guide through the right path. Follow their words and you will feel better. You can also use antibiotics to treat pelvic inflammatory disease.

Diagnosing Menstrual Problems

It is normal that girls have a period. The things get complicated when the girl suffers due to this period for a long time. If you find that the menstruation is going well, then you need to consult with the doctor. Sometimes it is difficult to figure out the exact reasons for the abnormal periods. You need to diagnose the problem properly and then take action accordingly.

Mostly, there are different types of menstruation that a woman should be aware of.

(i) Menorrhagia (Heavy Bleeding during Menstruation)

Some girls find that there is excessively heavy menstrual bleeding at a regular period. Although there are certain factors responsible for this different situation such as anatomical defects, abnormal blood components, etc.

(ii) Amenorrhea (Lack of Period)

Now, this is just the opposite of menorrhagia. Mainly it is known as the absence of menstruation. Sometimes, a certain number of women have missed their period continuously three times, then she should consult with the doctor to get rid of this situation. If she does not take off this situation on time, it will affect her in the future. The most common cause of lack of period is pregnancy.

(iii) Dysmenorrhea (Painful Menstruation)

Some of the women experience that menstruation cramps at some of the points during their lives. If she feels extreme pain during the menstruation it is known as dysmenorrhea. If the pain persists for a maximum time, then consulting with a doctor is the best option.

(iv) Premenstrual Syndrome (PMS)

During the female menstrual cycle, PMS includes a wide range of physical and psychological symptoms. To diagnose the situation, you should consult with the best Gynecologist in Mumbai. They will guide you in the best way. Just follow their words and get a better life.

Medications for Menstrual Disorders

Irregularities between the periods are normal, but light or heavy periods can lead to a serious health issue. Sometimes, women feel severe pain or heavy bleeding, then consulting a doctor is the best option. If the problem persists then it is recommended that you should get medical care if the menstruation occurs less than 3 weeks or more than 1 month. But it is better to consult with the best Gynecologist in Mumbai. It is advised not to take any medicine without consulting a doctor. Whenever you feel any unusual health issue, go to the doctor’s clinic. You can do some indoor exercises to avoid this situation. Most of the doctors advised that a regular exercise and proper diet can prevent your body from unnecessary things.

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Dr. Jay Mehta

IVF Specialist and a Fertility


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Ours is a very very very complicated case. My wife has a rare condition called as Double Uterus which was causing problem in becoming pregnant. Dr Jay Mehta sir with his technique

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