Urinary incontinence, or the inability to control one’s bladder, can be embarrassing. This issue can range in intensity from occasional leaky pee to a sudden and strong need to urinate, causing you to pee before reaching the toilet.

Urinary incontinence is a condition that can be permanent or temporary. Urinary incontinence can strike suddenly and last for a long period. Temporary incontinence is the term for this. It can also remain permanently, which is known as permanent or chronic incontinence.

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What is Urinary Incontinence?

Any uncontrolled urine leakage is known as involuntary urination. It is often known as urinary incontinence. It’s a common and distressing problem that may have a big impact on one’s quality of life. It was recognized as a key problem in geriatric care. Pelvic surgery, pregnancy, birth, and menopause are all high-risk factors for Urinary Incontinence.

Main types of Urinary Incontinence

Urinary incontinence is generally due to an underlying medical problem, however medical practitioners are under-reported. Four primary incontinence kinds exist:

  • Urge Incontinence – Due to an overactive bladder, you may experience urge incontinence.
  • Stress incontinence – This can be caused by a malfunctioning urethral sphincter muscle (intrinsic sphincter deficit) or bladder neck or urethral hypermobility.
  • Overflow incontinence – It is caused by either inadequate bladder contraction or urethral obstruction.
  • Mixed incontinence – This combines the characteristics of several distinct forms of incontinence.

Causes

Urinary incontinence can be caused by a variety of factors, including daily behaviours, underlying medical diseases, and physical issues. Your doctor can do a comprehensive examination to establish the cause of your incontinence.

Causes of sudden or temporary urinary incontinence

Some diuretics are beverages, meals, and drugs that stimulate your bladder and increase the volume of pee you produce. They are as follows:

  • Alcohol
  • Caffeine
  • Sparkling water and carbonated beverages
  • Sweeteners made from artificial sources
  • Chocolate
  • Peppers of chilli
  • Spice, sugar, and acid-rich foods, particularly citrus fruits
  • Medications for heart disease and high blood pressure, as well as sedatives and muscle relaxants
  • Vitamin C in high concentrations

Causes of long-term or permanent urinary incontinence

Urinary incontinence can also be a long-term problem brought on by underlying physical issues or changes, such as:

  • Pregnancy – Stress incontinence can be caused by hormonal changes and the fetus’s increasing weight.
  • Changes as you become older – The bladder’s capacity to hold urine might be reduced as the bladder muscle ages. In addition, as you become older, involuntary bladder contractions grow more common.
  • Menopause – Women generate less estrogen after menopause, a hormone that helps maintain the bladder and urethra linings healthy. Incontinence can be made worse if these tissues deteriorate.
  • Prostate enlargement – Incontinence is frequently caused by enlargement of the prostate gland in elderly men, a disease known as benign prostatic hyperplasia.
  • Diseases of the nervous system – Multiple sclerosis, Parkinson’s disease, a stroke, a brain tumor, or a spinal injury can cause urine incontinence by interfering with nerve impulses involved in bladder control.
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Symptoms of UC

Urine leaking is the most common sign of urinary incontinence. This type of leaking might occur frequently or infrequently.

Incontinence is most frequently caused by a urinary tract infection if urine leaking is accompanied by:

  • Urinary discomfort
  • Urine that is pink, crimson, or black in color
  • Smell of urine
  • Back or abdominal discomfort
  • Urinating often

Is it permanent?

Urinary incontinence is a condition that seldom goes away on its own. However, there are things you may do to assist alleviate your symptoms. Urinary incontinence is more frequent in older persons, particularly women, though it is typically treatable. Urinary incontinence usually goes away in approximately a year for most men. Pelvic exercises, also known as Kegels, are exercises that assist strengthen the muscles in the base of the pelvis between the pubic bone and can assist speed up the recuperation process.

Conclusion

Although urine incontinence happens more commonly when people become older, it’s not an unavoidable effect of aging. If urine incontinence is interfering with your everyday activities, visit your gynecologist’s doctor. Symptoms of urine incontinence may usually be treated with easy lifestyle and dietary adjustments, as well as medical attention.

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Dr. Jay Mehta Fertility and IVF Specialist In Mumbai

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Dr. Jay Mehta is the Scientific Director of Shree IVF Clinic. He is a well-known Fertility and IVF Specialist and also among few doctors in the country who specializes in Embryology and Andrology.

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